Asphalt Shingle Roof

As you go for a stroll through your neighborhood, you might find that asphalt shingle roofs – also called composite shingles – are the most common type you see. This goes for all of North America, where this roofing is the most popular due to its low up-front installation costs and relatively simple installation. It’s estimated that about 80% of residential homes use asphalt.

80%of residentialhomes useasphalt shingles

Types of Shingle Roof

Organic

Made from paper with an asphalt coating to become waterproof. They’re more prone to moisture and saturation, which can cause issues in humid climates.

Fiberglass

Treated with waterproof resin coating, offering better fire protection than organic. This material is also lighter and typically lasts longer.

Three-Tab

These shingles are named for their visual appearance, which looks like three separate tabs. These shingles are thin, and therefore less expensive than the others.

Architectural

Also called dimensional, this style uses two bonded layers for added visual appeal. They contain more asphalt than three-tab, giving them more curve.

PROS

  • Relatively simple installation process
  • One of the most-effective materials
  • Adequate lifespan of 12 to 17 years
  • Shingles come in a wide variety of options
  • Eco-friendly: can be recycled for paving

CONS

  • Sudden weather changes may cause decay
  • Less suitable for severe cold weather
  • Severe wind can damage shingles
  • Attic ventilation issues can reduce lifespan
  • Periodic maintenance is recommended

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